WW1 started on 28 June 1914, and by the end of 1914 both sides had built trenches that went from the North Sea and through Belgium and France. Neither side made much ground for nearly three and a half years – from October 1914 to March of 1918. Most trenches were between 1-2 metres wide and 3 metres deep. Many of the trenches also had pests living in the trenches including rats, lice, and frogs. Rats in particular were a problem and ate soldier’s food as well as the actual soldiers while they slept. Lice also caused a disease called Trench Fever that made the solders’ itch terribly and caused fever, headache, sore muscles, bones, and joints. Many soldiers in the trenches got trench foot and trench foot occurs when your feet are wet for too long and you can't dry them. If it started to rain the trenches would start filling with water and you would have to walk through deep water. The smell of rotting bodies was awful because this who died in no mans land wouldn't be retrieved unless both side agreed to bury there dead. Thing were often done at night under the cover of darkness so the enemy wouldn't see them. They would do things such as lay or cut barbed wire or other things. It was very hard to get any sleep in the trenches and a soldier would spend weeks in the line.
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Battle of the Marne part V
On the morning of 6 September, the French 6th Army under General Michel-Joseph Maunoury attacked the flank of the German general Alexander on Luck's 1st Army. When Kluck turned to oppose them, a 30-mile-wide gap was opened between his troops and the German 2nd Army. The strength of the French counterattack came as a shock, and when the British Expeditionary Force and the French Fifth Army advanced into the gap, German resolution wavered. The Allies immediately exploited the gap and prime opportunity by sending in the French 5th Army and troops of the British Expeditionary Force. On 7–8 September, Maunoury’s forces were reinforced by 6,000 infantrymen who were transported to the battle from Paris by 600 taxis, the first automotive transport of troops in the history of war. On 8 September General Franchet d’Espery’s 5th Army made a surprise night attack on the German 2nd Army and widened the gap.
Here you see a Soviet Yak-3 The origins of the Yak-3 went back to 1941 when the I-30 prototype was offered along with the I-26 (Yak-1) as an alternative design. The I-30, powered by a Kimilov M-105P engine, was of all-metal construction, using a wing with dihedral on the outer panels. Like the early Yak-1, it had a 20 mm ShVAK cannon firing through the hollow-driveshaft nose spinner as a motornaya pushka, and twin 7.62 mm synchronized Shskaa machine guns in cowl mounts ahead of the cockpit on the fuselage, but was also fitted with a ShVAK cannon in each wing. #Internationalwarhistorians#historiansunion
0 5811:04 PM Nov 16, 2017
Marshall Pietro Badoglio was an Italian general during both of the world wars. Badoglio during the Second World War was Chief if Staff from 1925-1940. He played as a major influence in the Italian military influencing many officers and young soliders. Badoglio was not at all in favor of the Italian-German pact of steel. Following the Italian’s military poor performance during the invasion of Greece in December 1940, he resigned from General of Staff and was replaced by Ugo Cavallero. As Italy had suffered major setbacks following the invasion of Sicily. Mussolini summoned the Fascist Grand council which, voted no confidence in Mussolini. During 1943 Badoglio declared war on the Germans. He would pass away on November 1, 1956. #internationalwarhistorians
0 616:33 AM Nov 16, 2017
Battle of the Marne part III
Joffre then ordered General Charles Lanrezac, who was suffering a crisis of confidence because his Fifth Army was increasingly isolated and outnumbered, to launch an attack between Guise and St. Quentin on 29 August. Despite holding reservations about a successful outcome, Lanrezac conducted his forces with considerable skill. The battle opened with a French attack on the German First Army, led by General Alexander von Kluk, but when the German Second Army, under General Karl von Bülow, pinned down the French Fifth Army’s right wing, Lanrezac coolly transferred his troops across the battlefield and inflicted a severe check on the Second Army. Bülow immediately requested assistance from Kluck’s First Army, so that instead of swinging around Paris to the west, as originally planned, the First Army altered its direction south and due east of the French capital. This maneuver meant that the Schlieffen plan of 1905 was compromised, a blunder that was compound when General Helmuth von Moltke (Chief of the German General Staff) allowed a subordinate general to draw forces away from the critical German right flank to mount his own local offensive.
SORRY FOR MY INACTIVITY LATELY, I AM BACK NOW .
8 1098:49 PM Nov 15, 2017
In World War One multiple poison gasses were used one of the most devastating ones was mustard gas. Within 16 months of use 400 thousand casualties happened. Mustard gas was not much of a gas as it was a oily substance and it is because this reason the casualties rose. Soldiers that did not know that the area had been hit with mustard gas would suffer because when using the bathroom or going out and touching the grass and leaves they would get chemical burns, and one of the only ways to treat it was to wash it with soap. If you got it in your eyes you would be blind for 3 days to 3 weeks or longer depending on how much got in your eyes. When doing charges the soldiers would run through areas that had been hit with it. It would come up and burn whatever skin was exposed or get into their lungs and cause serious damage to them. Gas masks were a new thing and in the early months of gas being used they would use whatever they could to cover their mouths and noses. They tried using urine soaked clothes hoping the acidity of the urine would help but it didn’t help. As the months went on better things to cover their faces were made. The allies came up with the idea for better masks by finding gas masks from german soldiers.
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Here you see the German Zeppelin L-64 of the L-30 class. Zeppelin's had a good sized role in WW1 first used by the Germans for combat they could fly higher than most British and french aircraft could fly and then most anti aircraft could fire at the time. Most people believe it would be easy to shoot down a zepplin because it was filled with hydrogen. But this was before incindeary ammunition also the inside was made up of millions of small tubes holding the hydrogen avoiding one bullet from bursting the whole airship. They could carry a large payload of bombs and began bombing the British isles altho damage was minimal it was a huge blow to British moral. But towards the end of the war they created incindeary ammunition and better anti aircraft guns made shooting down Zeppelin's much easier. But they could still be used for carrying massive amounts of supplies. #internationalwrhistorians#Internationalwarhistorians#historiansunion
0 531:59 PM Nov 15, 2017
Erwin Rommel was born on the 15 of November 1881. He was a German general and military theroist. He is also known as the Desert Fox because of his time served in Africa, he served as a field Marshall in the Wehrmacht during the Second World War. Rommel was one of the highest decorated officers during the First World War being awarded with the Pour le Mérite for his actions in Italy. In World War Two he found himself to be the leader of the 7th Panzer division during the invasion of France. He later commanded the Germans in the cross channel during the invasion of Normandy. Rommel supported the German seizure of power. He opposed Hitler and the war crimes committed by his regimes time. Rommel plotted a plan to kill Hitler which later failed due to Adolf Hitler finding out. Hitler knew that the moral of the German military will fall down dramatically if they found out that he was executed. He forced Rommel to commit suicide which resulted in the death of Erwin Rommel in 14 October 1944. He was issued a state funeral, and it was announced that he was killed in action in Normandy. He has gained sadness from both sides of the war. The Allies respected Erwin Rommel immensely and he is said to be the most popular person among the German military. Many historians say he was a victim of Hitler. Erwin Rommel was awarded with the Iron Cross, first class, Iron Cross, second class, Pour Le Mérite, Nights Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak leaves, Swords and Diamonds, Military Merit Cross and the Order of Michael the Brave. #internationalwarhistorians